Adolecent dating abuse
For both females and males, non-physical dating violence victimization contributed to poor health. A recent longitudinal study by Exner-Cortens and colleagues (2013) examined health in late adolescence/young adulthood by dating violence types (psychological violence only and physical and psychological violence together) experienced from age 12 to 18 .
Like bullying, teen dating violence has far-reaching consequences for the health and life outcomes of victims. Approximately 25 percent of teens report experiencing TDV annually (Noonan & Charles, 2009).It can include emotional, verbal, physical and/or sexual abuse.A lack of knowledge and outcomes evidence contributes to the fact that health care professionals are missing the chance to identify and intervene in one of the more common and serious health problems faced by adolescents.512It is important that family physicians be aware of the possibility of dating violence among adolescents and be able to provide a supportive environment in which adolescents may feel comfortable disclosing issues of relationship violence.A variety of questions can be used to initiate a discussion about dating violence, including asking if adolescents are in a dating relationship; if they ever feel threatened in the relationship; and if they know of peers who experience dating violence.4 This allows physicians to work further with those who are in abusive relationships, and to provide anticipatory guidance to parents and adolescents.Intimate partner violence (IPV) in adolescents is an important realm of study as, in addition to the usual negative effects of abuse, this violence occurs at a critical period in the social and mental development of a person.
This is also an important topic from a gender studies perspective as almost 32% of male adolescents engage in some form of violence, whether sexual, physical or emotional, towards their partners while adolescent violence from females is nearly half of that rate.
A 2009 study of sixth-grade students found that 25% thought it was acceptable for boys to hit their girlfriends.
More than one fourth of the boys with girlfriends said they had been physically aggressive (punching, slapping) with her.
TDV is generally defined as occurring among individuals between the ages of 13-19 years old.
Like intimate partner violence among adults, TDV occurs without respect to age, race, religion, socioeconomic status and sexual orientation.
In most cases of TDV, violence is used to get another to do what he/she wants, to gain power and control, to cause humiliation and to promote fear, and to retaliate against a partner (Foshee & Langwick, 2010).